QUESTION: What is the difference between relative and absolute dating techniques?
ANSWER: In relative dating, something is determined to be older or younger than something else without determining an exact age.
History as a subject stay intriguing as ever; everyone wants to know what happened in the past, how it happened and what was the sequence of the things that occurred.
Knowing all this and establishing a proper scale for the events of past has always been difficult and the two terms involved here help in achieving the task.
The Law of Superposition, which states that older layers will be deeper in a site than more recent layers, was the summary outcome of 'relative dating' as observed in geology from the 17th century to the early 20th century.
The regular order of occurrence of fossils in rock layers was discovered around 1800 by William Smith.
According to the laws of superposition, a strategic layer that is higher has been deposited more recently.
The oldest strata are at the bottom of the sequence.
Here, the actual age of that tool may not be useful, but the connection with the other and the history among them takes precedence.The Permian through Jurassic stratigraphy of the Colorado Plateau area of southeastern Utah is a great example of Original Horizontality and the Law of Superposition, two important ideas used in relative dating.These strata make up much of the famous prominent rock formations in widely spaced protected areas such as Capitol Reef National Park and Canyonlands National Park.You will find the essential part of the answer to your question in this "Socratic" link: What remains to be seen is: when should you use the one rather than the other.Relative dating is useful during field work to measure, for instance, the throw of a fault, or to re-instate the missing part of a stratigraphic sequence.